Lawn Fertilization

Fertilization is the addition of necessary nutritional elements to keep your lawn’s soil healthy. The soil itself needs to replenish its nutrients so it can continue to keep your lawn healthy. All fertilizers provide three main nutrients for the grass which are listed by percentage weight on fertilizer packages. These are nitrogen(N) which is necessary for grass stem and leaf growth; phosphorous(P) which promotes grass root, fruit and flower growth; and potassium(K) which assists other nutrients to function well within the plant. The ratio of nutrients are always listed in the order of N first then P second and K third. (eg.20-10-10). Harmony Gardens Landscaping will do soil testing for you and provide a written report so your lawn care program can be setup appropriately for your lawn’s needs. Fertilization should be based on soil testing results.

lawn fertilizerApplying fertilizers at the right time of year, using the right product, applying at the right rate, and in the right places is vital to overall grass health. If you are using a natural lawn care program with natural fertilizers then three(3) applications per year will provide all the nutrients your lawn requires. Harmony Gardens Landscaping will setup an appropriate lawn care program for you.

In the spring, your grass is beginning a high growth phase and fertilizing too early tends to promote the top growth of the grass at the expense of root growth. Excessive spring growth can result in weakened roots which are much less drought resistant and are more susceptible to disease. It is therefore important to plan spring fertilization after the first rush of spring growth, usually around early May. Resist the urge to fertilize your post winter lawn. Fix bare or thin patches in the spring focusing on other important lawn needs such as de-thatching, core aeration, over-seeding and top dressing.

Summer lawn fertilization must be with a natural, slow release fertilizer so as to not burn the lawn. Dependant on weather and the usual dormancy period of your lawn will determine when it should be fertilized in the summer, whether in July or August.

Fall fertilization should be done in October when the top growth has stopped but while the roots are still collecting nutrients to store for winter. A fall formulation of fertilizer should be applied to promote root growth. Fall fertilization is the most vital feeding for your lawn.

Mulch mowing also called grass-cycling is a vital part of a natural lawn care program which mulches the grass clippings as the lawn is mowed and ‘recycles’ nutrients back into your lawn and its soil. These mulched clippings can contribute up to 30% of your lawn’s seasonal nitrogen requirements. Leaving your mulched clippings on your lawn saves time, reduces water consumption and saves money on fertilizer. Harmony Gardens Landscaping mulch mows and can provide vacation relief lawn cutting services as well as seasonal contracts.

Fertilizers with ingredients from naturally occurring substances such as vegetable, mineral or animal sources are generally referred to as organic or all-natural fertilizers. Organic fertilizers also provide micro-nutrients and organic matter, both of which are very important for improving soil structure and quality. Organic and natural fertilizers provide nitrogen primarily in a water-insoluble format which means that the soil micro-organisms must breakdown the nitrogen to make it available to the plant. This is important since it stimulates microbial activity which is good for soil health.

Top dressing with screened, composted pellets is a fabulous no mess, even distribution way to naturally feed your lawn. Top dressing with composted manure or screened composted top dressing soil adds organic matter to your lawn to improve soil structure and lawn nutrients. This is another effective way to feed your lawn. Contact Harmony Gardens Landscaping to top dress your lawns.

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